U.S History FINAL EXAM ESSAY OUTLINES

U.S History FINAL EXAM ESSAY OUTLINES - Final Exam Essays...

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Final Exam Essays Section 1: Essay # 1:  Both Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson were strong presidents who viewed  themselves as serving the interests of the “common man.”  Compare and  contrast the presidencies of Jefferson and Jackson.  How did each view his role  as President?  What were their respective views of the “common man” (be sure  to define)?   Specifically how did their actions and policies as President fulfill their  vision (or not)?  Provide examples.  Be sure to pay attention to broader  developments in politics, society, economy as they are relevant to understanding  the actions of these men within their historical period. Thomas Jefferson o General Information Third president of the U.S (1801-1809) Principal author of the Declaration of Independence Founding Father of the country o Presidency Had a vision of an agrarian republic and individual liberty Small independent family farms Virtuous citizenry working for common good Simple government Problems in the Mediterranean (Barbary States) Pirates attack foreign ships   ask for “toll” to pass  through and conduct trade Jefferson a strong believer in free/fair trade o Stops payments   U.S. ships are attacked o He sent war ships (without consent of  Congress) Attempted to alleviate the national debt because he wanted  a small government $83 million to $57 million Decreased the size of the government  Removed federalists from office because he was a  democratic-republican Repealed the Judiciary Act of 1801 which abolished many  courts 
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Led to Marbury vs. Madison case Louisiana Purchase   April 30 th , 1803 Opened a pathway for continental expansion Issues   increased debt; according to Constitution  the President could not acquire land and add it into  the nation Embargo Act (1807) Intended to avoid war to prevent confrontation  French warships Forbade exports from U.S. to any country Andrew Jackson o President from 1829 to 1837 o Reduced the national debt to approximately $33 million Did not last long   country went into depression o Second National Bank of the United States Took away the federal charter from the 2 nd  bank of the U.S. Had been authorized during James Madison tenure as  President Jackson opposed it on the basis of ideological grounds Reasons Jackson wanted to do away with the bank: It concentrated an excessive amount of the nation's  financial strength into a single institution  It exposed the government to control by "foreign 
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2010 for the course HISTORY 346 taught by Professor Rotunda during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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U.S History FINAL EXAM ESSAY OUTLINES - Final Exam Essays...

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