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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/20/10 DKA
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5/20/10 What is DKA? Is an ACUTE, major, life-threatening complication of diabetes caused by severe insulin deficiency. DKA is characterized by hyperglycemia, acidosis and ketonuria.
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5/20/10 Incidence/Frequency Primarily seen in patients with Type 1 diabetes. However, it can occur in Type 2 diabetic patients as well. Typically seen in new onset Diabetic patients. 25% of new cases of type 1 diabetes are present with DKA. Infants and children younger than 5
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5/20/10 Causes: Underlying Infections – 40% Missed Insulin – 25% Previously undiagnosed diabetes – 15% UTI’s are the single most common infections associated with DKA. Other Significant Causes include – 20%
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5/20/10 Symptoms Hyperglycemia: Thirst Polyuria Polydipsia Noctouria Polyphagia Muscle pain and cramps Acidosis & Dehydration
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5/20/10 Symptoms: Vitals: Tachycardia Hyoptension Tachypnea Hypothermia or Fever, if infection. Significant Signs: Fruity/acetone breath
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5/20/10 Physical: Dry skin Labored respirations Dry mucous membranes Decreased reflexes Dehyrdation
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5/20/10 Pathophysiology – Fnc of Insulin
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New Microsoft Office PowerPoint Presentation - DKA Click to...

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