Chapter 2 Notes - Chapter 2 Social Research I. Topic...

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Chapter 2 Social Research I. Topic Selection 1. Mainstream Topics These topics have been studied by many. Examples are. (Aging, crime, demography, economy, family, gender, occupation, social class, religion, social control, urban, race, social movement.) 2. Non-Traditional Topics. These topics have been studied by few. Examples are. (Astros, comfort women, government crime, bodyguard, secret societies, martial arts, music, piracy, yakuza.) 3. The Differences Mainstream has abstract ideas and there is plenty of literature on them. Non-Traditional has conceptualization. Lack of literature. II. Definition of problem 1. Transform concepts into variables. This process is called Operationalization Examples of this is for instance you want to say Rich people live Longer well rich and live longer are concepts. To turn these into variables you would need to specify how rich and how long so you would say something like Higher Class income people live to be over 80 whereas lower income people might live to be 60 or below. Variables are specific concepts. 2. Direction – determine or identify the direction of the variable. A. Independent – Causes. These come first. B. Dependent – Outcomes. These come second.
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Example. If you want to prove education means you will get a higher income then Education is the Independent variable and higher income is dependent. But
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Chapter 2 Notes - Chapter 2 Social Research I. Topic...

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