HIST 2610-Crisis in the Southwest ESSAY

HIST 2610-Crisis in the Southwest ESSAY - Joshua Lorthridge...

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Joshua Lorthridge HIST 2610 “Crisis in the Southwest” 10pg Essay This collection of essays essentially tells the story of a fateful convergence of three key stories. First, is Texas’ tumultuous road from independent republic to U.S. statehood and eventual secession from the United States. Second is Mexico’s struggle for independence and the formation of a stable government and country. Third are the United States’ northern and southern states struggles to keep equal share of power in congress. The simultaneous histories of these three entities throughout these times not only affected its inhabitants individually, but also would eventually set off an avalanche that leads to the American Civil War. In the year 1803, the United States essentially doubled its size with the Louisiana Purchase from France. The U.S. also became direct neighbors with Spanish Texas. This would ensure much more future conflict as the territory remained mostly undefined and some in the southwest U.S. believed that this purchase included then Spanish Florida. Realizing its hold on Florida and Texas was becoming strained, Spain entered into negotiations with the United States over the future of these two possessions. In the 1819 Adams-Onis Treaty (also known as the Transcontinental Treaty), Spain renounced all rights to West and East Florida in exchange for the United States assumption of $5 million in claims made against Spain by American citizens and the clear delineation of Texas's border with the United States. The Sabine River was designated as a boundary with Louisiana to the east and the Red River created a boundary with Arkansas Territory to the north, so that, for the moment, Spanish Texas was supposed to be safe from encroachment of other nations. During the period of 1810’s-20’s, many filibustering expeditions for Texas took place first by opposing political Mexican factions, then later by American pioneers who were emboldened by the victory of the war of 1812 that removed the British and most of the Indian opposition to American expansion. Revolt against Spain first erupted in Mexico on the night of September 16, 1810, when peasants answered the call for independence issued by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla at the small village of Dolores. Although Hidalgo's army soon was crushed and the priest captured and executed, royalists and rebels battled one another for the next ten years. The rebels and royalists eventually unite in their mutual desire to be liberated, which leads to Mexico declaring it’s independence from Spain in 1821. All
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Joshua Lorthridge HIST 2610 Spanish possessions in North America are relinquished to the liberated nation. Mexico then begins to initiate plans to colonize Texas, which is then a very rural outpost territory to the country. Part of that plan is to issue contracts to land “empresarios” to recruit settlers & establish communities on huge tracts of land the Mexican government assigns them. One of the first is Stephen F. Austin who drops all his plans reluctantly to take up his
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HIST 2610-Crisis in the Southwest ESSAY - Joshua Lorthridge...

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