Week 1 Ginsberg C12 Outline

Week 1 Ginsberg C12 Outline - Lynda Nguyen Congress 1...

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Lynda Nguyen Congress 1) Describe the bicameral structure of our Congress and discuss why this structure was implemented. Bicameral means that there is a legislative body that is composed of two chambers. These chambers are the House of Representatives and the Senate, where each chamber members are chosen by the people. There are 435 members in the House, which are elected from districts that are based off the population, and 100 members in the Senate, which are elected by state and have two Senates from each state. This structure was implemented because each chamber has different roles in the legislative process and this is necessary to legislate. The Framers basic purpose was to provide a forum for deliberation of conditions of nation, debate of policy alternatives, and to provide for legislators who would represent the people through representation. The House is more reactionary and representative. They are more centralized and organized. The leaders have more control over the legislative process and members specialize in certain areas of legislation. They represent well-organized local interests and serve residents of their districts. On the other hand, Senate is more deliberative and less organized (more open). Leaders have less control over the legislative process. Members are not encouraged to specialize, and they represent national interests, and serve residents of their state. 2) List the requirements for the House and for the Senate. For the House, each member must be at least 25 years old and be a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years. Also, each member must hold a term of 2 years. 1 to 53 members per state are chosen for the House, and the constituency is more local. For the Senate, each member must be at least 30 years old, and be a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years. The length of term for each member is 6 years. There are two members representing each state, and the constituency is both local and national. 3) Compare and contrast sociological and agency representation. Explain the weakness and strengths of these two types. Sociological representation is when two individuals share similar background, character, interests, and perspectives. It’s based on the notion that if two individuals are similar, then one could correctly represent the other’s views. This similarity helps promote good representation and demonstrates that groups are taken seriously by the government
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Lynda Nguyen Agency representation is the representation when constituents have power to hire and fire representatives. It’s where a representative is held accountable to a constituency and that person fails to represent it properly. And correspondence between representatives’ opinions and those of their constituents. Weaknesses: Sociological representative is “bias” relative to age, citizenship, and residency.
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Week 1 Ginsberg C12 Outline - Lynda Nguyen Congress 1...

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