Chapter 4 Harmony copy

Chapter 4 Harmony copy - Chapter 4 Harmony In the broadest...

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Chapter 4 Harmony In the broadest sense, the peaceful arrangement of diverse elements IN music the sounds that support and enrich the melody. It provides accompaniment to the melody. Harmony is built of chords or a group of two or more pitches sounding together Basic chord in western music is called the triad. It is built on three pitches arranged in a certain way. These triads are built from the keys and scales discussed earlier. Each note of the scale is given a number or its degree. Roman numerals are used for this. I, ii, iii, IV, V, VI, vii, I Of these the one built on I is called the Tonic Tonic = I Dominant = V Subdominant=IV These are strung together into Chord progressions. All of the notes of the chords can be struck together or they can be spread out. To do this is called an arpeggio. When pitches are sounded together some of them sound sweet and these are called consonances. Some will be jarring. These are called dissonances. It is the interplay of consonance and dissonance that build up and release the tension in the music. Chapter 8 Medieval Music (474-1475) The various roles music played in: The Monastery The Cathedral The Court Musical Instruments The Monastery Life in the monastery followed a very strict code of behavior and an order of worship that followed the hours of the day 4:00 am get up and sing psalms 5:00 am sing psalms 6:00 am sing psalms 7:00 am etc. Mass service at 9:00 the highlight of the day Simple life of work and worship. The plainsong used to sing these psalms evolved into a written collection of music called:
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Gregorian Chant – a large body of unaccompanied vocal music set to latin texts that were written for the Roman Catholic Church starting very early in the church’s history. Written for 15 centuries (named for Pope Gregory the Great). Gregorian chant is pure melody. This kind of music when you just have a single melodic lime is called monophonic music or monophony (music for one line). It would often be doubled at the octave. Either for a choir of men or a choir of women, never together Two types of singing: 1. Syllabic singing – one or two notes for each syllable of text 2. Melismatic singing: many notes sung to just one syllable Listen to: All the Ends of the Earth CD 1 T1 Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179) Given to the church as a child as tithe At 52 founded a convent near Bingen, Germany First Renaissance man a Medieval woman Playwright Poet Musician Naturalist Pharmacologist Visionary Wrote her own text Listen to: Oh Greenest Branch CD I T2 Music in the Cathedral Notre Dame of Paris constructed during the “age of cathedrals” (1150-1350) These buildings took around a century to complete In Paris we have two great churchmen/musicians that take music to the next stage of development Perotinus and Leoninus They created a new style of music called polyphony. Which means many voices, Polyphonc music has more than one melody. This early polyphony is called organum.
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Chapter 4 Harmony copy - Chapter 4 Harmony In the broadest...

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