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DNA and Proteins (cont)

DNA and Proteins (cont) - Probability of any locus...

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Transcription - process by which DNA is the template to form mRNA Translation - process by which mRNA is converted to peptides 59% of skin cancer patients had a single point mutation in the BRAF gene, mutation cause cells to keep dividing Introns Non-coding DNA between genes along a chromosome, only 1.5% of DNA codes for proteins Micro Satelittes Non-Coding DNA Within a chromosome Part of a Chromosome breaks off (deletion) and attaches in the wrong direction (inversion) May result from exposure to agents Survivability depend upon the size of fragment Rare Probability for a specific locus is low
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Unformatted text preview: □ Probability of any locus having one is much higher □ 0.1-10 mutations per million of genes per generation Structural Abberrations in chromosomesL Ultimate source of all genetic variation Mutations are usually harmless Consequence of Mutations How does Genetics aid us in Understanding Anthropology Regulatory genes differ the species We can construct phylogenies Lower number = more similar Primatology in the era of primate genomics Lecture Topic: Important Points: DNA and Proteins (cont.) Tuesday, February 09, 2010 11:13 AM ANP 120 Page 1...
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