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Faculty of Informatics - Theses University of Wollongong Year  The advantages and disadvantages of barcodes and radio frequency identification in supply chain management L. McCathie University of Wollongong This thesis was originally submitted as McCathie, L, The advantages and disadvantages of barcodes and radio frequency identification in supply chain management, Bachelor of Information and Communication Technology (Honours), University of Wollongong, 2004, 123p. This paper is posted at Research Online. http://ro.uow.edu.au/thesesinfo/9
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School of Information Technology and Computer Science The Advantages and Disadvantages of Barcodes and Radio Frequency Identification in Supply Chain Management Author – Luke McCathie 2264419 Supervisor – Dr Katina Michael
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Page 2/123 ABSTRACT Since the 1980s, barcodes have become the backbone of supply chain management (SCM). Recently organisations, from both government and corporate sectors have placed increasing emphasis on further streamlining SCM to deliver cost savings. This has lead to a number of leading organisations introducing mandates for their suppliers to implement radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. Many organisations are unsure which technology, barcodes or RFID offers them the best return. This thesis will aid stakeholders in understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each respective technology in SCM applications. Furthermore, the research will examine the importance of a global standard for RFID such as the Electronic Product Code (EPC) and offer insight into the coexistence of barcodes and RFID. The research will employ a thorough documentation review as well as several interviews with users of each technology. Please Note: An abstract of this paper was accepted by CollECTeR Latin America, Santiago, Chile, 2004.
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Page 3/123 Table of Contents ABSTRACT. ................................................................................................................. 2 LIST OF TABLES. ...................................................................................................... 5 LIST OF DIAGRAMS. ................................................................................................ 5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS . ....................................................................................... 6 ACRONYMS. ............................................................................................................... 7 CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION. ............................................................................. 8 1.1 O VERVIEW ............................................................................................................ 8 1.1.1 The Rise of Radio Frequency Identification. ............................................................................ 8 1.2 P URPOSE ............................................................................................................... 9 1.2.1 Significance. .............................................................................................................................. 9 1.2.2 Objectives. ............................................................................................................................... 10 1.3 J USTIFICATION .................................................................................................... 11 1.3.1 Previous Research . ................................................................................................................. 11 1.3.2 The Gap. .................................................................................................................................. 13 1.4 R ESEARCH D ESIGN .............................................................................................. 13 1.4.1 Methodology. ........................................................................................................................... 13 1.5 C ONCLUSION ....................................................................................................... 14 1.5.1 Limitations. .............................................................................................................................. 14 CHAPTER 2 - LITERATURE REVIEW. ............................................................... 15 2.1 I NTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 15 2.2 B ARCODES .......................................................................................................... 16 2.2.1 Introduction and History . ....................................................................................................... 16 2.2.2 Barcode Standards. ................................................................................................................. 16 2.2.3 Barcode applications . ............................................................................................................. 17 2.2.4 The Future of Barcodes . ......................................................................................................... 18 2.2.5 Summary Conclusion of Barcodes. ......................................................................................... 19 2.3 R ADIO F REQUENCY I DENTIFICATION ................................................................... 19 2.3.1 Introduction and History . ....................................................................................................... 19 2.3.2 Radio Frequency Identification Standards and Regulations. ................................................ 20 2.3.3 Radio Frequency Identification Applications . ....................................................................... 22 2.3.4 The Future of RFID . ............................................................................................................... 25 2.3.5 Summary Conclusion of RFID. ............................................................................................... 27 2.4 S UPPLY C HAIN M ANAGEMENT ............................................................................ 28 2.4.1 The Importance of Supply Chain Management in the Modern Business Environment . ....... 28 2.4.2 Problems with Supply Chain Management . ........................................................................... 30 2.4.3 Technology’s Role in Improving Supply Chain Management Efficiency. ............................. 31 2.5 C ONCLUSION ....................................................................................................... 32 CHAPTER 3 - METHODOLOGY. .......................................................................... 34 3.1 I NTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 34 3.1.1 Research Objectives. ............................................................................................................... 34 3.2 R ESEARCH S TRATEGY ......................................................................................... 35 3.3 R ESEARCH M ETHODOLOGY ................................................................................. 36 3.3.1 Research Design . .................................................................................................................... 36 3.3.2 Documentation Review .
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fulltext - Faculty of Informatics - Theses University of...

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