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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY “The Business of Insurance is related to the protection of the economic values of the assets”. Every human being has the tendency to save to protect him from risks or events of future. Insurance is one form of savings where in people try to assure themselves against risks or uncertainties of future. It is assurance against risks or events or losses. People can save their earnings either in the form gold, fixed assets like property or in banking and insurances. All the savings of people of a country account for gross domestic savings. In India, although savings rate is high but people prefer to invest either in gold or fixed assets so that they can make money out of it. Hence insurance sector is still untapped in India. 1
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1.2 INDUSTRY PROFILE OVERVIEW OF CURRENT INSURANCE INDUSTRY 1. WHAT IS INSURANCE? Insurance is a tool by which fatalities of a small number are compensated out of funds (premium payment) collected from plenteous. Insurance is a safeguard against uncertain events that may occur in the future. It is an arrangement where the losses experienced by a few are extended over several who are exposed to similar risks. It is a protection against financial loss arising on the happening of an unexpected event. Insurance companies collect premium to provide security for the purpose. Loss is paid out of the premium collected from people and the insurance companies act as trustees to the amount so collected. These companies have proposal forms which are filled to give details of insurance required. Depending upon the answers in the proposal form insurance companies assess the risk and decide on the premium. Insurance companies are risk bearers. They underwrite the risk in return for an insurance premium. the function of insurance is to provide protection, prevent losses, capital formation etc. hence insurance can be defined as a tool in which a sum of money as a premium is paid by the insured in consideration of the insurer’s bearing the risk of paying a large sum .it may also be defined as a contract wherein one party (insurer) agrees to pay the other party (insured) or his beneficiary, a certain sum upon a given contingency against which insurance is required. Insurance industry commands massive funds through sales of insurance products to large number of clients. Insurers also create liabilities and commit themselves to compensate for losses occurring to the policyholders on future date. It also plays an important role in process of capital formation. 2. NATURE OF INSURANCE a) Risk sharing and risk transfer: Insurance is used to share the financial losses that might occur to an individual or his family on the happening of specified events. The loss arising from such events are shared by all the insured in the form of premium.
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This note was uploaded on 05/21/2010 for the course MARKETING 107 taught by Professor Vivian during the Spring '10 term at SCA NC.

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