Unformatted text preview: absorptive surface area of the small intestine. By the time food reaches the large intestine, the majority of the nutrients have been absorbed. The cells of the large intestine absorb water and electrolytes. As fluids are absorbed stool is gradually formed and exits the body through the anus. Enzymes, hormones, and bile help break down foods and regulate digestion. The liver, gallbladder, and pancreas are accessory organs for the gastrointestinal tract and are essential for digestion. Other body systems such as the nervous, circulatory, lymphatic, and excretory systems also play a role by reminding us to eat, distributing nutrients throughout our bodies, and excreting waste products. Digestive disorders can range from mild to severe problems. Disorders of the mouth, gallbladder, stomach, and intestines can include periodontal disease, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux, peptic ulcers, gallbladder disease, constipation, diarrhea, and celiac disease, among others....
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- Spring '10
- Digestive System, Large intestine