13 religion, cultue & conflict

13 religion, cultue & conflict - CHAPTER 13: RELIGION,...

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CHAPTER 13: RELIGION, CULTURE, AND CONFLICT CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Introduction A. Language and religion 1. Two of the most powerful forces shaping the geography of culture 2. Religious beliefs and histories can bitterly divide peoples who speak the same language B. Religious conflicts usually involve more than differences in spiritual practices and beliefs II. Interfaith boundaries A. Boundaries between the world's major faiths 1. Some countries lie entirely within realms of individual world religions 2. Other countries straddle interfaith boundaries —the boundaries between the world’s major faiths B. Nigeria 1. Multilingual country with about 110 million inhabitants 2. The north is a Muslim zone 3. The south is a domain where Christianity prevails, along with local traditional religions (Figure 13-1) 4. North and south ethnic groups have considerable disdain for each other 5. In the past decade, fundamental religious division began to threaten the future of the state 6. Northern Muslim preachers are calling for an “Islamic Republic” (Figure 13-2 7. Calls for secession are growing in the Christian south 8. In the late 1990s, Nigeria was OPEC's fourth largest oil producer 9. Breakup of Nigeria would have far-reaching implications C. Sudan 1. Muslim north and Christian south 2. Constant conflict between the two 3. Sharia religious laws were being imposed over the entire country 4. The war has devastated the south a) Millions have been dislocated b) Hundreds of thousands have starved 5. In the early twenty-first century, the war raged on D. The African Horn 1. Religious map of Ethiopia is more complicated than that of Nigeria or Sudan a) Heart of the former mountain kingdom contains the cultural core area of Amharic (Coptic) Christians b) Islam won some adherents at base of mountains, but Christian rulers maintained control c) Military dictatorship was overthrown in 1991 d) Contains a large Muslim population of Somalis in its eastern zone e) Problems still continue between the different religions E. South Asia 1. Part of Britain’s colonial empire a) Extended from Pakistan in the west to Bangladesh in the east b) Included Kashmir to Sri Lanka c) Astride a deep and divisive interfaith boundary 2. In 1947 a political boundary was establish between Islamic Pakistan and multicultural India
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2010 for the course HUMANITIES Human Geog taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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13 religion, cultue & conflict - CHAPTER 13: RELIGION,...

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