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17 global political landscapes

17 global political landscapes - CHAPTER 17 THE CHANGING...

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51 CHAPTER 17: THE CHANGING GLOBAL POLITICAL LANDSCAPE CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Introduction A. Discussion on the new world order II. Forces of devolution A. The counterforce to supranationalism 1. Today, many states are afflicted by internal centrifugal forces 2. No New World Order can be established as long as destabilizing forces exist 3. Even some the world's oldest states are subject to devolution 4. Time has failed to submerge regionalism in the United Kingdom a) Rising tide of separatism in Scotland and Wales b) Underscores the cultural forces at work in many states B. Ethnonational forces 1. Ethnicity is often based on cultural commonalities 2. Peoples sharing a strong sense of ethnicity feel they are part of a group 3. Ethnonationalism can be a fundamental force promoting devolution 4. Canada—the French speaking province of Canada 5. Devolutionary forces exist in Europe (Figure 17-1) a) Spain—greater autonomy desired by Basques and province of Catalonia b) Belgium—Flanders and Wallonia c) Czechoslovakia—peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia d) Discussion on the break-up of Yugoslavia (Figure 17-2) 6. Devolution elsewhere a) Sudan—Muslim north and non-Muslim south b) Sri Lanka 7. Ethnonational differences are weakening the fabric in many states today C. Economic forces 1. Catalonia 2.
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