23 global urbanization - CHAPTER 23: GLOBAL URBANIZATION...

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77 CHAPTER 23: GLOBAL URBANIZATION CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Europe in the vanguard A. Western Europe 1. Population around 1800 was overwhelmingly rural 2. Two-hundred years later it was about 80 percent urban 3. Rapid urbanization was the beginning of a worldwide process a) Globalizing forces of colonialism b) Power of the Industrial Revolution exported to farthest corners of the planet 4. Cities founded as colonial headquarters in Asia and Africa a) Grew slowly at first b) Today are experiencing a population explosion fueled by immigration 5. By some measures even more urbanized than Figure 23-1A suggests 6. Discussion about criteria for defining urban residents 7. Role of a city’s relative location during the Industrial Revolution 8. In growing manufacturing cities, raw materials were consumed at enormous rates 9. Cities grew by agglomeration —the spatial process of clustering by commercial enterprises for mutual advantage and benefit 10. Industrial cities went through a phase of specialization a) Most now have a diversified manufacturing base b) Specialized cities were at risk to changing economic conditions 11. Changes in where the world’s largest cities are located (Table 23-1)
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2010 for the course HUMANITIES Human Geog taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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23 global urbanization - CHAPTER 23: GLOBAL URBANIZATION...

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