28 civic experience - CHAPTER 28 THE CHANGING NATURE OF THE...

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CHAPTER 28: THE CHANGING NATURE OF THE CIVIC EXPERIENCE CHAPTER OUTLINE I. City and culture A. Ethnic diversity in the United States and Europe 1. Examples of how ethnic urban districts are reflected by their names 2. Ethnic neighborhoods in older rather stable cities are long-established a) Their fortunes wax and wane as conditions change b) In the age of globalization the source of changes may lie thousands of miles away c) Example of Chinatown of Victoria, British Columbia is discussed 3. European cities also have durable ethnic neighborhoods a) Immigration comes largely from countries in the global periphery b) “Third-World” immigration into the cities has persuaded large numbers of Europeans to depart the city cores c) Some countries because of their colonial history, have attracted one dominant immigrant group 4. Almost all immigrants gravitate to the cities 5. Zones of transition 6. Asylum seeker —a migrant who claims escape from armed conflict or political persecution B. Cities in the developing world 1. Many of these cities represent very different urban landscapes 2. Massive squatter settlements encircle many giant cities 3. Discussion of these cities and their problems with immigrants C. Power and accommodation 1. Slums in cities in poorer parts of the world contain their own ethnic neighborhoods a) The more powerful exploit the less fortunate b) Land owners charge rent and threaten to destroy squatters’ shacks if they fail to pay c) Example of Nairobi 2. Discussion of the status of ethnic groups in Mombasa 3. How urban immigrants in slum-ridden rings survive a) Extended families share and stretch every dollar b) A salaried job saves the day for a dozen or more relatives c) Remittances— when family members emigrate to a Western country and send part of their income back 4. In the huge slums people trade, repair, sell goods from makeshift stand in what is called the informal economy 5. Globalization is making a major impact in the mega-cities founded by colonial powers a) Colonial rule produced an urban landscape in Bombay marked by strong
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28 civic experience - CHAPTER 28 THE CHANGING NATURE OF THE...

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