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32 gender inequalities in geographic perspectives

32 gender inequalities in geographic perspectives - CHAPTER...

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107 CHAPTER 32: GENDER INEQUALITIES IN GEOGRAPHIC PERSPECTIVE CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Introduction A. Women's inequality in poorer countries 1. Countries with high population growth rates a) Women who bear the children are confined to their village b) Men and women born and raised in the same village live in different worlds 2. Migration a) In African refugee camps, women and female children always are the worst off b) In voluntary migrations, males tend to dominate the decision - making pro cess c) In new destinations, males quickly form new social networks d) Male dominance remains the rule rather than the exception 3. Education and economic development reduce inequalities between men and women B. Women in the modern developed count ries 1. Reduction of inequality between men and women 2. Substantial wage differentials between men and women remain barriers 3. In corporate, political, and many other settings inequality can still be seen 4. Women in urban industrial societies di d made enormous progress during the twentieth century despite the persistence of gender inequality 5. Example of Saudi Arabia, an oil rich nation a) Women are not allowed to drive automobiles b) Women who drove during the Gulf War were arrested II. Demography and health A. The longevity gap 1. On the average women today tend to live about 4 years longer than men 2. In the economic core, the longevity gap widened from 5 to 7 years, between 1950 and 2000 3. Women seem to be less inclined to adopt some of the unhealthy habits often associated with affluence 4. In the early 2000s, women outlived men in all but 9 countries (Figure 32 - 1) 5. Discussion of Figure 32 -1 6. In virtually all cultures, men tend to marry younger women 7. H undreds of millions of women who spent lifetimes sustaining families die alone in poverty B. Quality of life 1. Women in the poorer countries of the world a) Pregnancy and childbirth confront women with high health risks b) Pregnancy risk is 8 0 to 600 times higher than that in the richer countries c) Asian women face the highest maternal mortality rate d) Inadequate medical services e) Excessive number of pregnancies and malnutrition (Figure 32 - 2) f)
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