ss9 - Stratification is a geological metaphor to describe...

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Stratification is a geological metaphor to describe structures of inequality. There are four basic types of stratification: slavery, caste, estates and class . Slavery is marked by the existence of ownership of individuals, though the exact laws regulating it have varied considerably. The caste system is logically tied to the Hindu belief in reincarnation, the caste system representing a ladder down which one may slip into the next life if not virtuous in this. Estates have existed from traditional states through to the end of feudalism. In Europe, the three estates were the nobility, the clergy and the commoners . A class is defined as a large-scale grouping of people who share common economic resources that in turn influence their lifestyle. Class stands apart from these other systems of stratification. Four main distinctions can be drawn: 1. Classes are not dependent on legal or religious decrees and are thus (formally at least) more fluid. 2. Class is in part achieved rather than ascribed. Some mobility between groupings can and does occur. 3.
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ss9 - Stratification is a geological metaphor to describe...

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