ss10 - Carol is a single mother, who works in a call centre...

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Carol is a single mother, who works in a call centre by day and as a cleaner on some mornings. She lives in state housing and is constantly juggling her childcare with her labour-market activity. Carol’s experience serves as a joined-up example of the multiple deprivations suffered by those near the poverty line. Absolute poverty refers to the absence of a subsistence level of income and is therefore, in theory, universally applicable. Relative poverty , on the other hand, is contingent upon the overall standard of living enjoyed by the majority in a society. Both measures present technical problems for researchers. The poverty line is a common device employed to benchmark absolute levels though it struggles to accommodate regional and national variations. The relative poverty measure is compromised by its perpetual upward drift as average living standards rise. In the UK there is no officially sanctioned ‘poverty line’, so researchers have used the benefits system to establish groups in poverty or on the margins of poverty. Townsend and the
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY Sociology taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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ss10 - Carol is a single mother, who works in a call centre...

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