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ss16 - An organization a large impersonal group of people...

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An organization – a large impersonal group of people set up to achieve specific objectives – is an increasingly familiar form in contemporary society. Organizations loom large from cradle to grave and much of social life depends on the smooth activity of organizations. It is a mixed blessing, as organization bestows increased predictability but inexorably draws more and more of our lives into its web (more and more demands are made on us by its needs) and infringes our personal freedom. Weber focuses on bureaucracy, or rule by officials. The main features of Weber’s ideal type are: hierarchy, written rules, salaried posts, separation between post and person and removal from direct control of the means of production. Weber’s emphasis upon formal relations within organizations contrasts with Blau’s study of informal relations in a government agency. This shows that everyday working practices ran counter to written protocols, because loyalty to social group overrode formal reporting links. Such informal practices are
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