ss18 - Not all work is paid employment Other hidden forms...

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Not all work is paid employment. Other hidden forms of work exist, such as self- provisioning, housework and voluntary work. The general term ‘work’ is defined broadly as tasks requiring mental or physical effort. The emergence of industrial capitalism was accompanied by a complex division of labour and the expansion of economic interdependence in the process. The evolution of the division of labour continued and reached its logical conclusion in the emergence of Taylorism and its mass production partner Fordism. These both had their weaknesses – the high start-up costs, the rigidities, and so on. Such low-trust systems can be contrasted with high-trust systems, where workers operate with greater autonomy and cooperation. The most notable change in working life has been the expansion of female labour market participation. Among men, the trend has been away from manual work and latterly also away from routine non-manual labour. These trends have levelled off in recent years, with women remaining over-represented in routine white-collar jobs and
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ss18 - Not all work is paid employment Other hidden forms...

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