(GGP) Our World Today - People, Places and Issues

(GGP) Our World Today - People, Places and Issues - Our...

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Chapter 1: Our Social World Modern technology has helped to bring the world’s diverse peoples closer together. Because the world is getting smaller, the chances for interaction among people from different cultures are increasing. American communities include various groups of peoples called ethnic groups, who often are also minorities. Organizing information to help people understand the world around them is the role of social scientists. They study the interaction of people and society using disciplines such as history, economics, and geography. They examine culture, or the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs; how culture spreads from one area to another through cultural borrowing and cultural diffusion; and a people’s government, religion, and economic system. Several patterns have emerged in today’s world. Many people have moved from farms and villages to live in cities—a pattern called urbanization—often to seek better jobs. The world’s rapid population growth has resulted in shortages of food, land, housing, and freshwater for some people. Cooperation has become increasingly important as the countries of the world become more and more interdependent. Technology is a valuable tool in promoting understanding and cooperation, but it must be shared among all countries to be truly effective. Chapter 2: Earth Patterns Geography is the study of the earth and its people. Maps and globes are some of the tools used to study the physical and human characteristics of our planet. LANDSAT photos and geographic information systems (GIS) help geographers provide information used by government and business leaders as they plan and make decisions. Scientists have developed a theory about the earth’s structure called plate tectonics. This theory states that the earth’s crust is made of plates, or huge slabs of rock, that move. Movement of the plates can result in volcanoes and earthquakes. The earth’s people have adapted in order to live on various landforms. Mountains, plateaus, valleys, and other landforms are found on land and under the oceans. About 70 percent of the earth’s surface is water, but only a small percentage is freshwater, which is drinkable. Climate is the usual pattern of weather in an area over a long period of time. A combination of factors creates climate. Wind and ocean currents, the sun, latitude, and elevation all contribute to climate. People’s actions can also affect climate. The burning of fossil fuels and the destruction of the rain forest are human actions that are causing concern. The world’s growing population threatens the delicate balance of life on the earth. Issues such as pollution, land use, and scarcity of freshwater create the need for policies to protect the environment for the future. Chapter 3: North Africa and Southwest Asia—Early Cultures
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2010 for the course SOCIAL SCI Social Sci taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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(GGP) Our World Today - People, Places and Issues - Our...

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