Understanding Psychology © 2008
Chapter 1: Introducing Psychology
Chapter 1 is an overview of psychology, the scientific study of behavior and mental
describes the reasons psychologists study human behavior and the goals
of psychology. Learning about psychology can help students gain a better
understanding of their own behaviors, knowledge about how psychologists study
human and animal behavior, and practical applications for enriching their lives.
structuralism, functionalism, inheritable traits, and Gestalt psychology. Today, the
most important approaches to the study of psychology are the psychoanalytic,
behavioral, humanistic, cognitive, and biological approaches. The newest approach
to psychology, the sociocultural approach, analyzes the effects of culture, politics,
and socioeconomics on behavior.
discusses the work of psychologists, details the differences between
psychiatrists and psychologists, and discusses the many specialty fields in
industrial/organizational, and experimental psychology.
Chapter 2: Psychological Research Methods and
Psychologists learn what they do not know by carefully and systematically
collecting information. Chapter 2 discusses the different methods that psychologists
use to study issues and explores some of the problems in conducting research.
discusses how psychologists must first decide how to approach a research
issue. Then researchers use correlation studies, case studies, surveys, naturalistic