Outline1Exploration - D Treaty of Tordesillas – 1494 –...

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Exploration I. Prehistory A. Bering Land Bridge B. Hundreds of independent tribes C. Civilizations – Mayans – Central, Incas – South, Aztecs – Mexico D. Mount Builders – Ohio II. Early Discoverers A. Vikings – Leif Ericsson – Greenland – Northern Canada – 1000 AD B. Italian Christopher Columbus – for Spain – 1492 - Guanahani III. Spanish/Portugese Exploration A. Reasons for exploring a. Wealthy nations – gold based b. Renaissance – optimism/humanism – we can do anything c. Trade routes d. Printing press – ideas spread e. Mariner’s compass – exploration possible B. Spain – peace w/ Isabella and Ferdinand uniting plus no Moors/Muslims a. Conquistadores – Spanish – gold/glory – fighting tradition C. Portugal a. Looking water route to Asia – brought slavery from Africa
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Unformatted text preview: D. Treaty of Tordesillas – 1494 – Pope divides New World a. Brazil to Portugal – Rest to Spain IV. Explorers – conquest – weapons + disease + use rival tribes A. Ponce de Leon – fountain of youth B. Pizarro – defeated Incas C. Cortez – defeated Aztecs/Montezuma V. Spanish A. Encomienda System – Spaniard gets land and all inhabitants become laborers B. Missions – Junipero Serra – San Diego + 21 missions a. Spread religion – centers of trade/education b. “Black Legend” – missionaries kill Indians – disease kind of true VI. Exchange of goods A. Improved diet of Europeans – corn, tobacco, tomato, avocado – balanced B. Cattle, horses, germs to New World...
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