Creating an American Culture – 1790-1860I. Religion – by 1850 ¾ claim to be religious, but not most far from Puritan formA. Deism – God is great clockmaker – founding fathersB. Unitarianism – God is loving creator, father figure, people control destinyC. Second Great Awakening – attempt to return to conservative religious practice1. Effects – more converted, some churches destroyed, others createda. Methodists/Baptists – poor attracted/non-traditional2. Camp Meetings – traveling preachers, thousands gather, get “saved”D. Mormon – Joseph Smith – organized, group dynamic – new message from God1. Feared by neighbors – voted as unit, polygamy, n ot individualistic2. Brigham Young moved to Utah – MO and Ohio kicked outII. Education Reform – creation of public schools/state sponsored universitiesA.Before – public schools seen as for poor only – convinced that education benefits societyB.
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