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LESSON 17 DESIGNING & CONDUCTING SPECIFIC T & D PROGRAMMES Friends After reading this lesson you will be able to 1. Understand how to design various types of training and development programes 2. Explain how to design training program 3. Conduct various types of training and development programes INTRODUCTION The training and development plans are aimed at developing talent to perform effectively in the present and future higher level or more challenging work situations. The process is to develop competence to handle series of challenging situations. Every Human being has an urge to reach to the top. Successful organisations plan to guide them to their career growth. A systematic approach to progress in the career plans or to attain capabilities is a training and development process. If we look at the ladder below, we find that a worker gains the proficiency and becomes a supervisor learns to develop managerial capabilities, a manager strives for hig~e! level and so on. SR.EXECUTIVE WORKER SUPERVISOR SUPDT EXECUTIVE
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The T & D activities are the techniques of encashing on the human capital whose potential is much more than any other resources in the organisation. Therefore, a variety of T & D methods are used to harvest maximum from available human resources. Mainly the following are the T & D programmes 1. Basic Training at Professional Institutions Trade apprentice at ITI or Trade Schools Diploma/Degree at Polytechnic & Engineering colleges Management education at Post Graduate level or practice oriented certificate examinations 2. In-Service Training and Development I Familiarization or initial training programmes. Apprentice training (in house) On the job training (OJT) 3. Special Training and Development Programmes Special cadre development programme Grass-root level T & 0 programmes Technology transfer training programme 3. Management Development Programme Supervisory development programme Top and middle managerial development programmes OD and MBO programmes etc. Basic Training at Professional Institutions Technology oriented training." . Imparted at these institutions. There are many craft 'centres and school which provide technical, professional training for wood working, gardening, sculpture workshop training etc. besides Ideal Training Institutes in various district levels. Polytechnic and engineering colleges train technical middle managers supervisors equipped with basic theory and reasonable practical experiences. Concept of HRD has also popularized the management courses being conducted by various management institutions. The professional managers coming out from such institutions are bettj3r decision makers and interpersonal relationship developers. Such institutions are also doing research and development in behavioral science to equip the managers with more modern techniques of optimizing Human resource.
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