Lesson20OnTheJobTraining - LESSON 20 ON THE JOB TRAINING...

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LESSON 20 ON THE JOB TRAINING Friends, In previous lessons you were explained about the methods of training. The methods explained in previous lesson can be broadly classified in to two head METHODS AND TECHNIQUES OF TRAINING OFF THE JOB TRAINING ON THE JOB TRAINING After reading this lesson you will be able to 1. Define What is On the job training 2. Know the merits and demerits of on the job training 3. Explain various methods used under on the job training 4. Make effective use of the on the job training. ON THE JOB TRAINING OJT training, sometimes called direct instruction, is one of the earliest forms of training (Observational learning is probably the earliest - see Albert Bandura ). It is a one-on-one training located at the job site, where someone who knows how to do a task shows another how to perform it. In antiquity, the kind of work that people did was mainly unskilled or semiskilled work that did not require specialized knowledge. Parents or other community members, who knew how to do a job necessary for survival, passed their knowledge on to the children through direct instruction. On-the-job training is still widely in use today. In fact, it is probably the most popular method of training because it requires only a person who knows how to do the task, and the tools the person uses to do the task. It may not be the most effective or the most efficient method at times, but it is the easiest to arrange and manage. Because the training takes place on the job, it is realistic and no transfer of learning is required. It is often inexpensive because no special equipment is needed other than what is normally used on the job. The other side is that OJT takes the trainer and materials out of production for the duration of the training time. In addition, due to safety or other production factors, it is prohibitive in some environments.
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DESIGN & CONDUCTING OJT PROGRAMME Make sure JIT or OJT will Define the target population Develop TRG AID Develop a TGR plan Analyse the job write job description Break the Job Prepare the trainee & self Provide the work place equipments & material Collect feed Backs & review the Programme Carry out OJT & supervise Try out the programme
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FORMAT FOR DETERMINING THE TARGET POPULATION JOB REQUIREMENT Skill Previous Education Experience level EXPECTATION FROM Skill Knowledge Performance TRAINEE -- n level EQUIPMENTS Place Time -- MATERIAL AVAILABLE All this while, you've been plodding along blissfully, getting the job done and doing your little bit to maintain profitability. All along, you have firmly believed in the fact that the end justifies the means and have followed this adage in letter and spirit. All through, you have been patting yourself on occasions when you have deserved credit or recognition and your bosses have been too busy to notice. Till the words 'training session' entered the workplace to plague your life!
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