Lesson01NatureOfManagement - UNIT 1 MANAGMENT DEVELOPMENT...

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UNIT - 1 MANAGMENT DEVELOPMENT Lesson:-01 Nature of Management Chapter overview: Nature, scope and process of management, historical evolution of management thought, different approaches and systems of management, skills, roles, and modern challenges. Students, let us begin with first understanding what management is all about. In order to understand management, we will first define who a manager is: A manager is someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to accomplish organizational goals – Robbins & Coulter. Which means that - Managers work in organizations. Now let us try to understand what is the concept of an organization: An organization is a systematic arrangement of people brought together to accomplish some specific purpose – Robbins & Decenzo. Organizations are social arrangements for the controlled performance of collective goals – Buchanan & Huczynski Every organization has a purpose and is made up of people who are grouped in some fashion. The distinct purpose of an organization is typically expressed in terms of a goal or a set of goals. All organizations are put together and kept together by a group of people who are responsible for helping them achieve their goals. These people are called managers. What do managers do in organizations? : Managers practice management. Managers give direction to their organizations, provide leadership, and decide how to use organizational resources to accomplish goals. – Peter Drucker This brings us to the question – What is management? The art of getting things done through people. - Mary Parker Follet Management refers to the process of getting things done, effectively and efficiently, through and with other people. Efficiency means the ability to do things right, and refers to the relationship between inputs and outputs. In the context of the organization, it refers to the
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proper utilization of resources. These input resources are Men (people), Materials, Machinery (equipment), and Money. Effectiveness means doing the right things. In an organization, that translates into goal attainment. Efficiency and Effectiveness in Management Does that mean that everyone who works for an organization is a manager? : Everyone who works for an organization is not a manager. Operatives are people who work directly on a job or task and have no
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Lesson01NatureOfManagement - UNIT 1 MANAGMENT DEVELOPMENT...

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