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Lesson09Staffing - Lesson-09 STAFFING Human resource...

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Lesson:-09 STAFFING Human resource management, Human resource planning, Human resource planning process, Human resource management process, recruitment, selection, socialization, training and development,performance appraisal, promotions, transfers, demotions and separations, maintaining human resources,Four c’s model for evaluating human resources, special issues in human resourcesAmong a manager’s most critical tasks are the selection, training, and development of people whowill best help the organization meet its goals. Hence, today we will look at human resource management(HRM), the management function through which managers recruit, select, train, and developorganization members. Human Resource Management Human resource management (HRM) is a staff function. HRM managers advise line managersthroughout the or-ganization. Furthermore, the company may need more or fewer employees andmanagers from time to time. The HRM process is an ongoing procedure that tries to keep theorganization supplied with the right people in the right positions, when they are needed. The HRMfunction is especially important given the current trend toward downsizing. The human resource management process, as shown in the figure, includes seven basic activities. The first three activities ensure that competent employees are identified and selected; the next two activities involve providing employees with up-to-date knowledge and skills; and the final two activities entails making sure that the organization retains competent and high-performing employees who arecapable of sustaining high performance. Human Resource Planning 1. Human resource planning is designed to ensure that personnel needs will be constantly and appropriately met. It is accomplished through analysis of (a) inter-nal factors, such as current and expected skill needs, vacancies, and departmental expansions and reductions, and (b) factors in the environment, such as the labor market. The use of computers to build and maintain information about all em-ployees has enabled organizations to be much more efficient in their planning of human resources.
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2. Recruitment is concerned with developing a pool of job candidates in line with the human resource plan. Candidates are usually located through newspaper and professional journal advertisements, employment agencies, word of mouth, and visits to college and university campuses. 3. Selection involves using application forms, resumes, interviews, employ-ment and skills tests, and reference checks to evaluate and screen job candidates for the managers who will ultimately select and hire a candidate. 4. Socialization (orientation) is designed to help the selected individuals fit smoothly into the organization. Newcomers are introduced to their colleagues, ac-quainted with their responsibilities, and informed about the organization’s cul-ture, policies, and expectations regarding employee behavior.
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