Lesson18Learning - Lesson:-18 LEARNING Dear students, in...

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Lesson:-18 LEARNING Dear students, in today’s lesson we will try to understand the process of learning in an individual. Learning is an extremely important area from the viewpoint of understanding human behaviour. In this context, we are not talking about the formal and structured types of learning that are expected to take place in classroom situations only. As we have mentioned earlier, the way an individual learns, what he learns are all important determinants of his behaviour. In this lesson on learning we will thus try to understand the following: ¾ Basic nature of learning ¾ Theories of learning ¾ Application of learning principles in organizational context. A DEFINITION OF LEARNING According to Stephen Robbins, learning may be defined as any relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience. Our definition is concerned with behavior. As Behaviour is collection of related activities, so change in behaviour results in to change in activities which are responsible for the concerned change behaviour. The present definition of learning has several components that deserve clarification. 1. Learning involves change. Change may be good or bad from an organizational point of view. People can learn unfavorable behaviors to hold prejudices or.to restrict their output, for example-as well as favorable behaviors. 2. The change must be relatively permanent . Temporary changes may be only reflexive and fail to represent any learning. Therefore, the Requirement that learning must be relatively permanent rules out behavioral changes caused by fatigue Or temporary adaptations. 3. Learning involves change in behaviour. Learning takes place when there is a change in actions. we must depend on observation to see how much learning has occurred. For example if a word processing operator who key boarded 70 words a minute before taking a new training course can now key board 85 words in a minute, we can infer that learning has occurred.
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We can say that a person has learned whenever changes in behavior of that person take place. In other words, we can say that changes in behavior indicate that learning has taken place. Similarly, no change in behavior indicates no learning has taken place. It must however be remembered that in certain types of learning, there are some periods of time that follow the learning during which there is no indication of apparent changes. This does not necessarily mean that no learning has taken place. These periods of no apparent change in behaviour is called the ‘incubation period’, where the assimilation and internalization of learning take place. But in a general way we may say that in the process of learning, people behave in a changed way as a result of learning. Thus we infer that learning has taken place if an individual behaves, reacts, responds as a result of experience in a manner different from the way he formerly behaved. THEORIES OF LEARNING
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2010 for the course BUSINESS Organizati taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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Lesson18Learning - Lesson:-18 LEARNING Dear students, in...

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