Lesson20Motivation&ItsTheories

Lesson20Motivation&ItsTheories - Lesson:-20...

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Lesson:-20 MOTIVATION & ITS THEORIES Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation. We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation in determining human behaviour . In today’s module we will review the concept of motivation and various theories of motivation. Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need that activates a behavior or a drive that is aimed at a goal. Every employee is expected to show increased and qualitative productivity by the manager. To achieve this the behavior of the employee is very important. The behavior of the employees is influenced by the environment in which they find themselves. Finally, an employee's behavior will be a function of that employee's innate drives or felt needs and the opportunities he or she has to satisfy those drives or needs in the workplace If employees are never given opportunities to utilize all of their skills, then the employer may never have the benefit of their total performance. Work performance is also contingent upon employee abilities. If employees lack the learned skills or innate talents to do a particular job, then performance will be less than optimal. A third dimension of performance is motivation.
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“Motivation is the act of stimulating someone or oneself to get desired course of action, to push right button to get desired reactions.” The following are the features of motivation : Motivation is an act of managers Motivation is a continuous process Motivation can be positive or negative Motivation is goal oriented Motivation is complex in nature Motivation is an art Motivation is system-oriented Motivation is different from job satisfaction MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS There are several factors that motivate a person to work. The motivational factors can be broadly divided into two groups: I. MONETARY FACTORS: ± Salaries or wages: Salaries or wages is one of the most important motivational factors. Reasonable salaries must be paid on time. While fixing salaries the organization must consider such as : Cost of living Company ability to pay Capability of company to pay etc, ± Bonus: It refers to extra payment to employee over and above salary given as an incentive. The employees must be given adequate rate of bonus.
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± Incentives: The organization may also provide additional incentives such as medical allowance, educational allowance, hra ,allowance, etc. ± Special individual incentives: The company may provide special individual incentives. Such incentives are to be given to deserving employees for giving valuable suggestions. II. NON MONETARY FACTORS: ± Status or job title: By providing a higher status or designations the employee must be motivated. Employees prefer and proud of higher designations.
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2010 for the course BUSINESS Organizati taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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Lesson20Motivation&ItsTheories - Lesson:-20...

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