Leadership and approaches to leadership
Dear students today we will be studying the concept leadership.
Definition and Meaning of leadership
ability to influence
individuals or groups toward the achievement of
, as a process,
shapes the goals
of a group or organization,
toward the achievement of those goals, and helps define group or
organizational culture. It is primarily a process of influence.
Leader ship versus Management : Although some managers are able to influence
followers to work toward the achievement of organizational goals, the conferring of
formal authority upon a manager does not necessarily make that individual a leader. Yes,
that individual has authority, but whether or not they are able to influence their
subordinates may depend on more that just that authority.
Not all leaders are managers, and similarly, not all managers are leaders. Within a team
environment, manager and leader are simply roles taken on by members of the team.
Most teams require a manager to "manage" -- coordinate, schedule, liaise, contact,
organize, procure -- their affairs. The functions of this role may well be quite different
from those of the leader (to motivate followers towards the achievement of team goals).
Management roles need not presuppose any ability to influence. A leader, on the other
hand, must have the ability to influence other team members
So students There is an interesting story,
which nicely illustrates the difference between
a manager and a leader.
Newly appointed to the position of supervisor in a large industrial plant, a
decided to impress his subordinates with his authority. Striding purposefully onto the
plant floor, the manager carefully chose the subject of his well-rehearsed address. Once
he had arrived at the workstation manned by the union shop steward, he announced, in
words loud enough for most workers to hear, "I want to make one thing perfectly clear: I
RUN THIS PLANT!"
Unimpressed, the shop steward held up his hand. On seeing his signal, all the workers
shut off their equipment. Then, in the eerie silence of the large plant, the shop steward
challenged the manager: "OK. So, let's see you run it."
Clearly, by virtue of his appointment to the position of manager, the supervisor
hadauthority. However, without followers, he was no leader. In this scenario, the union
shop steward is the leader. In spite of the authority inherent in the position of supervisor,
the workers chose to follow the directives of the shop steward.