Lesson24Group&FormationOfGroups - Lesson-24 GROUP...

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Lesson:-24 GROUP AND FORMATION OF GROUPS Welcome students to the module of Group Behaviour. Up till now we have restricted ourselves to check the behavior of individuals within the organization. But individuals may sometimes need to work in groups in the organization. So in this lesson we shall try to understand about group and the influence of behavior of individuals while working in a group . So students Consider a collection of people waiting at a bus stop for a series of buses. Do these people constitute a group? No! These people are simply that; a collection of people. As a collection of people waiting for buses, they probably do not interact , they lack cohesion (as they may be heading off in different directions), and, unless they are somehow huddled together against the rain, they are unlikely to see any commonality of interest between them. Defining a group : Two or more people constitute a group if. .. 1. they have some common purpose or goal. .. 2. there exists a relatively stable structure -- a hierarchy (perhaps a leader), an established set of roles, or a standardized pattern of interaction. .. 3. this collection of people see themselves as being part of that group So students "Why do groups form?", There are a number of general tendencies within us such as: The similarity-attraction effect: we like people who are similar to us in some way Exposure: we like people whom we have been exposed to repeatedly Reciprocity: we like people who like us Basking in reflected glory: we seek to associate with successful, prestigious groups Furthermore, we also tend to avoid individuals who possess objectionable characteristics. Further more there are number of reasons why people join groups which are as follows; Affiliation Humans are by nature gregarious . Groups provide a natural way for people to gather in order to satisfy their social needs . Goal achievement Problems and tasks that require the utilization of knowledge tend to give groups an advantage over individuals. There is more information in a group than in any one of its members, and groups tend to provide a greater number of approaches to solving any particular problem
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Power Individuals gain power in their relationship with their employers by forming unions. Status Membership in a particular service clubs or a political body may be seen to confer status on members. So as to gain that status people join in such groups Self-esteem As suggested by Maslow, people have a basic desire for self-esteem . Group membership may nurture self-esteem. If one belongs to a successful group, the self-esteem of all members may be boosted. Security Sometimes individuals need protection from other groups or more powerful individuals -- "there is safety in numbers". These individuals may seek security in group membership. Neighbors may form a "Block Watch" group to ensure the security and protection of their neighborhood . The important characteristics of groups are as follows:
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Lesson24Group&FormationOfGroups - Lesson-24 GROUP...

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