Personality and its
Welcome students to your today’s lesson on Personality. In our earlier section we have
appreciated the need for understanding the individual factors like personality to
appreciate and comprehend one’s behaviour in the context of organizations. In the
following section we will learn the nature of personality, the determinants of
personality, and will review various theories of personality.
In organizations, does personality matter? Ask that question of anybody who has spent
any time in organizations or teams, and, intuitively, most will respond in the affirmative.
Frequently, people will be more than willing to cite examples of how personalities have
affected team performances or how personalities made life in an organization unbearable
(or, an enjoyable experience). Personalities, in a study of organizational behavior do
So, what is personality? The word personality comes from the Latin root persona,
meaning "mask." According to this root, personality is the impression we make on others;
the mask we present to the world
Personality is defined
as "a unique set of traits and characteristics, relatively stable over
time." Clearly, personality is unique insofar as each of us has our own personality,
different from any other person's. The
definition further suggests that personality does
not change from day to day. Over the short-term, our personalities are relatively set
definition does not suggest that personality is somehow rigid,
unchangeable, and cast in concrete. Definition recognizes that, over a longer term,
personality may chang
To examine whether this change is indeed consistent with most peoples' reality, we ought
to examine "where personality comes from"; what are the origins of personality?
THE ORIGINS OF PERSONALITY: THE NATURE-NURTURE DEBATE
For psychologists studying the development of personality, "nature vs. nurture" was a
central debate. "Nature vs. nurture" suggests that biology (a person's genes) and society
(the environment in which a person grows up) are competing developmental forces. In
the past, the debate sought to find whether one may be more important than the other.
Today most psychologists would concede both nature and nurture are necessary for
personality development. Both help to make us who we are.
Determinants of Personality