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Lesson31Personality&ItsTheories - Lesson-31...

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Lesson:-31 Personality and its theories Welcome students to your today’s lesson on Personality. In our earlier section we have appreciated the need for understanding the individual factors like personality to appreciate and comprehend one’s behaviour in the context of organizations. In the following section we will learn the nature of personality, the determinants of personality, and will review various theories of personality. In organizations, does personality matter? Ask that question of anybody who has spent any time in organizations or teams, and, intuitively, most will respond in the affirmative. Frequently, people will be more than willing to cite examples of how personalities have affected team performances or how personalities made life in an organization unbearable (or, an enjoyable experience). Personalities, in a study of organizational behavior do matter. So, what is personality? The word personality comes from the Latin root persona, meaning "mask." According to this root, personality is the impression we make on others; the mask we present to the world Personality is defined as "a unique set of traits and characteristics, relatively stable over time." Clearly, personality is unique insofar as each of us has our own personality, different from any other person's. The definition further suggests that personality does not change from day to day. Over the short-term, our personalities are relatively set or stable. However, definition does not suggest that personality is somehow rigid, unchangeable, and cast in concrete. Definition recognizes that, over a longer term, personality may chang e. To examine whether this change is indeed consistent with most peoples' reality, we ought to examine "where personality comes from"; what are the origins of personality? THE ORIGINS OF PERSONALITY: THE NATURE-NURTURE DEBATE For psychologists studying the development of personality, "nature vs. nurture" was a central debate. "Nature vs. nurture" suggests that biology (a person's genes) and society (the environment in which a person grows up) are competing developmental forces. In the past, the debate sought to find whether one may be more important than the other. Today most psychologists would concede both nature and nurture are necessary for personality development. Both help to make us who we are. Determinants of Personality
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Several factors influence the shaping of our personality. Major among these are 1. Heredity, 2. Culture, 3. Family Background, 4. Our Experiences through Life, 5. And The People we interact with. There are some genetic factors that play a part in determining certain aspects of what we tend to become. Whether we are tall or short, experience good health or ill health, are quickly irritable or patient, are all characteristics which can, in many cases, be traced to heredity. How we learn to handle others' reactions to us (eg.our appearance) and the inherited traits can also influence how our personality is shaped.
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Lesson31Personality&ItsTheories - Lesson-31...

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