History Lectures 2 1.21.47 PM.pdf - The Roots of World War...

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The Roots of World War II: 1919-1941 and WWII Home Front Lecture Outline: 1. The Rise of Totalitarianism 1. Nazism 2. Fascism 3. Japanese Militarism 2. Isolationism and Neutrality 1. Good Neighbor Policy 2. Neutrality Acts 3. Testing Neutrality 1. Nazi/Fascist Invasion 2. Trouble in Asia 3. Battle of Britain 4. U.S. Entry into World War II 1. Atlantic Charter 2. Pearl Harbor 5. Mobilizing for War 1. Military Mobilization 2. Economic Mobilization 6. Impact of the War 1. Economic Impact 2. Westward Migration/Expansion 7. Social Effects of the War 1. Women and Gender 2. African Americans 3. Gays and Lesbians 4. Japanese Americans Key Terms: - Isolationism - Neutrality Acts - Adolph Hitler - Benito Mussolini - Isoroku Yamamoto - Lend-Lease Act - Pearl Harbor - A. Philip Randolph - Double V - Smith v. Allwright - Bracero Program - Zoot Suit Riots - Japanese-American Internment
Central Questions - What was US policy on WWII prior to Pearl Harbor - How did the US mobilize for the war? - What were the social impacts of WWII for minority groups? Adolf Hitler - Germany is very important when discussing the lead up to WWII - Global Geat Depression, Germany being hit a lot harder than other European countries - Rise up in a time german people were frustrated with the government - Prior to Hitler, the main government was run by the Weimar republic. - Placing the blame on Jews, running our banks, investments - 1933- Hitler and his national socialist party (nazi) will gain power, Hitler himself will become chancellor but by 1934, Hitler is a dictator. - Established Nazi police state and implemented a program that persecuted Jews, homosexuals, gypsies, jews being the main people. Benito Mussolini - Fascist dictator and veteran of WWI, hyper-nationalist - Becomes dictator of 1935 in Italy - Promises to restore order and to reinvigorate national Italian pride Japanese Militarism - Government is an authoritarian military government that is overseen by an emperor - Sets its eyes on China, specifically for its raw materials - 1931, Japan invades and takes over the Chinese province of Manchuria - This is a direct threat to the US - The US wants to stay out of the war, simply refuses to recognize Japan’s takeover of Manchuria, three weeks later Japan bombs Shanghai seeking to expand its influence in China. Three things testing neutrality - Japan will build up its military and try to expand in Asia, in violation of a lot of treaties - Mussolini will embark on an Italian conquest of Ethiopia - Hitler is going to start retaking German territory that was controlled by France after WWI Fransisco Franco - Spain will go through a civil war around 1936 which resulted in the fascist dictatorship - -1937 Gallup polls show 94 percent of Americans did not want the US to get involved in Europe Neutrality Acts - Congress will pass them starting in 1935 - The first version will forbid the sale of arms and munitions to all warring nations - Congress will amend these in 1936, adding to forbid loans to all warring nations
- Germany will move into Czechoslovakia in 1939 -

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