ch15theseus

Ch15theseus - Classics 10 Chapter 15 Spring 2010 Theseus and the Myths of Athens I The Earliest Athenian Kings II Theseus Birth and Labors III

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Classics 10: Chapter 15: Spring 2010 Theseus and the Myths of Athens I. The Earliest Athenian Kings II. Theseus: Birth and Labors III. Amazons and Centaurs IV. Theseus and the Glory of Athens Nicolas Poussin, 1634, Theseus Finding His Fathers’ Arms SECOND EXAM ON MONDAY
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Second Exam: Monday 65 Multiple Choice Questions in 50 minutes (33% of final grade) Bring UCD 2000 Scantron Form and #2 pencil; arrive early if possible 3 different versions of exam; each distributed to every third seat Any suspected cheating will be submitted to Student Judicial Affairs for arbitration
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Second Exam: Monday Chapters 9-15 ONLY (not cumulative) Even coverage: 6-8 questions per chapter, most from lecture A few questions on exam specifically from book (i.e., from Key Names and Terms) Know Key Names, flow of each story as presented in lecture Read questions carefully, as I will write them carefully
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Theseus and Myths of Athens Theseus a minor figure in 7th Century BCE But as Athens rises, Theseus’ importance rises with it (700-500 BCE) Early Athenian myths confused, without clear chronology or lineage Cf. Perseus and Mycenae (Bronze Age power) The myths of Theseus show how myth became political by Classical Period
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The Earliest Athenian Kings Three different versions of the origins of the Athenians: Descended from Athena (but she’s a virgin!) Autochthonous (“sprung from the earth,” without any human ancestor at all!) Descended from Cecrops Half man, half snake (himself autochthonous?) Great founding ancestor, who brought laws, civilization, proper worship of the gods
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Erichthonius Successor to Cecrops was Erichthonius, who brings together all three options Erichthonius: “The man of wool and earth” Hephaestus tried to rape Athena on the Acropolis He ejaculates on her leg, she wipes it off in disgust with a piece of wool, drops the wool on the ground Up springs Erichthonius, whom Athena raises Hence he is autochthonous and yet has Athena for a mother; succeeds Cecrops Later builds a shrine to his mother Athena on the Acropolis of Athens
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Erechtheus to Aegeus Grandson of Erichthonius is Erectheus, for whom the Erectheum on the Acropolis is named (picture on next slide) Demeter came to Eleusis during reign of Erechtheus (see Chapter 9) Grandson of Erectheus is Pandion, who has two sons, Aegeus and Pallas Aegeus becomes king but has no heir Pallas has 50 sons and wants power
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Erechtheum (= House of Erectheus), next to Parthenon The Porch of the Maidens features six famous statues as columns (called caryatids), often imitated Rebuilt ca. 420-400 BCE in this form
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The Begetting of Theseus Aegeus goes to Delphi to ask the oracle how he could have a son Aegeus does not understand the oracle’s answer, goes to Troezen to ask his friend Pittheus to help interpret it Pittheus responds by getting Aegeus drunk and sending his daughter Aethra to Aegeus’
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2010 for the course ECS 120 taught by Professor Filkov during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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Ch15theseus - Classics 10 Chapter 15 Spring 2010 Theseus and the Myths of Athens I The Earliest Athenian Kings II Theseus Birth and Labors III

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