Physics for Scientists and Engineers 8ed - ch32 - end of chapter questions

Physics for Scientists and Engineers 8ed - ch32 - end of chapter questions

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Unformatted text preview: Questions W denotes answer available in Student SolutionsManual/Study Guide; O denotes objective question 1. The current in a circuit containing a coil, a resistor, and a battery has reached a constant value. Does the coil have an inductance? Does the coil affect the value of the current? 2. What parameters affect the inductance of a coil? Does the inductance of a coil depend on the current in the coil? 3. O Initially, an inductor with no resistance carries a constant current. Then the current is brought to a new constant value twice as large. After this change, what has happened to the emf in the inductor? (a) It is larger than before the change by a factor of 4. (b) It is larger by a factor of 2. (c) It has the same nonzero value. (d) It continues to be zero. (e) It has decreased. 4. O A long, fine wire is wound into a coil with inductance 5 mH. The coil is connected across the terminals of a battery, and the current is measured a few seconds after the connection is made. The wire is unwound and wound again into a different coil with L = 10 mH. This second coil is connected across the same battery, and the current is measured in the same way. Compared with the current in the first coil, is the current in the second coil (a) four times as large, (b) twice as large, (c) unchanged, (d) half as large, or (e) one-fourth as large? 5. O Two solenoidal coils, A and B, are wound using equal lengths of the same kind of wire. The length of the axis of each coil is large compared with its diameter. The axial length of coil A is twice as large as that of coil B, and coil A has twice as many turns as coil B. What is the ratio of the inductance of coil A to that of coil B? (a) 8 (b) 4 (c) 2 (d) 1 (e)1/2 (f) 1/4 (g) 1/8 6. A switch controls the current in a circuit that has a large inductance. Is a spark (Fig. Q32.6) more likely to be produced at the switch when the switch is being closed, when it is being opened, or doesn’t it matter? The electric arc can melt and oxidize the contact surfaces, resulting in high resistivity of the contacts and eventual destruction of the switch. Before electronic ignitions were invented, distributor contact points in automobiles had to be replaced regularly. Switches in power distribution networks and switches controlling large motors, generators, and electromagnets can suffer from arcing and can be very dangerous to operate. 7. O In Figure Q32.7, the switch is left in position a for a long time interval and is then quickly thrown to position b . Rank the magnitudes of the voltages across the four circuit elements a short time thereafter from the largest to the smallest. 8. Consider the four circuits shown in Figure Q32.8, each consisting of a battery, a switch, a lightbulb, a resistor, and either a capacitor or an inductor. Assume the capacitor has a large capacitance and the inductor has a large inductance but no resistance. The lightbulb has high efficiency, glowing whenever it carries electric current. (i) Describe what the lightbulb does in...
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Physics for Scientists and Engineers 8ed - ch32 - end of chapter questions

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