Dred_Scott_v_Stanford_case_(1857) - The SEEALL Academy 8AL Sophie Weng January 16,2020 One of the major decisions in the United States that eventually

Dred_Scott_v_Stanford_case_(1857) - The SEEALL Academy 8AL...

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The SEEALL Academy Sophie Weng 8AL January 16,2020 One of the major decisions in the United States that eventually led to the Civil War is the Dred Scott v Sandford case. In this conflict, the decision of the Supreme Court created tensions between both the free and slave states. This led to the Civil war mainly because of giving attention to the slavery conflicts between the states. In the Dred Scott v Sandford case, Dred Scott was a slave, taken by his original master to Rock Island in Illinois, a free state. Later, his master took him to the Wisconsin Territory where the Missouri Compromise forbade slavery. His master brought Dred Scott back to Missouri, a slave state. Afterward, Scott brought suit against his master, claiming himself as a freed slave because he had resided in a free state. Quite the opposite, the Supreme Court ruled against him claiming that Scott does not have the ability to sue in court since he is not a citizen of the United States. According to Chief Justice Taney, people like Scott (slaves) are not supposed to be included in the word “citizens” under the Constitution of the United States. Taney believed that slaves are considered lower in status compared to whites. In addition, Scott was his master’s property so when he took Scott into free territories, it does not violate any laws since Scott is considered his master’s property. Since Scott is a slave, he has no right to raise a case. In addition, the Supreme Court claims that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 is

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