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The SEEALL AcademySophie Weng8ALJanuary 16,2020One of the major decisions in the United States that eventually led to the Civil War is theDred Scott v Sandford case. In this conflict, the decision of the Supreme Court created tensionsbetween both the free and slave states. This led to the Civil war mainly because of givingattention to the slavery conflicts between the states. In the Dred Scott v Sandford case, DredScott was a slave, taken by his original master to Rock Island in Illinois, a free state. Later, hismaster took him to the Wisconsin Territory where the Missouri Compromise forbade slavery. Hismaster brought Dred Scott back to Missouri, a slave state. Afterward, Scott brought suit againsthis master, claiming himself as a freed slave because he had resided in a free state. Quite theopposite, the Supreme Court ruled against him claiming that Scott does not have the ability tosue in court since he is not a citizen of the United States. According to Chief Justice Taney,people like Scott (slaves) are not supposed to be included in the word “citizens” under theConstitution of the United States. Taney believed that slaves are considered lower in statuscompared to whites. In addition, Scott was his master’s property so when he took Scott into free territories, it does not violateany laws since Scott is considered his master’s property. Since Scott is a slave, he has no right toraise a case. In addition, the Supreme Court claims that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 is