L12%20Urban%20renewal

L12%20Urban%20renewal - Lecture outline GES1310...

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GES1310 Comprehending the City Urban decay and renewal Lecture outline Urban decay Urban renewal and gentrification Urban renewal in Hong Kong Urban decay and “white flight” Urban decay is connected to social segregation, which tend to concentrate the poor in the least attractive parts of a city Causing those better off to move out of the inner city (often white people in the case of US and British cities) x sub- urbanisation, urban sprawl Urban renewal Revitalisation of run-down urban areas
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Urban renewal Urban renewal was about displacing residents In Oxford, the community of St Ebbe’s was relocated at the edge of the city, leaving the population with a long journey to work and fewer amenities The emphasis has in some cases shifted to refurbishment, and local authorities commonly gave improvement grants to upgrade existing housing Gentrification The rebuilding, renewing, and rehabilitation of depressed areas of the inner city as more affluent families seek to live near to the city centre, trading off space and quiet for access to the goods and services of the city centre. Gentrification Often, part of an urban renewal programme Original inhabitants move out as leases fall in, houses are sold, or landlords harass their tenants into moving Displace poorer households through price and rent increases in the area. Positive impact of gentrification Boost to city tax revenues Increased property values Increased social mix Improvements to local services and to the physical environment. Gentrification in USA Neil Smith “Gentrification, the frontier, and the restructuring of urban space” Gentrification has taken place internationally. The residential rehabilitation of working-class neighbourhoods has been most dramatic in US cities.
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Gentrification in USA Neil Smith “Gentrification, the frontier, and the restructuring of urban space” Anti-urbanism had long been a dominant theory in American culture till the last two decade when a shift from fear to romanticism can be observed. Urban renewal in the last two decades has made the rehabilitation of single-family homes in US urban areas fashionable. The revanchist city (Smith 1996) Built on moral panics about crime and urban decline New York model of “crime prevention” and cleansing of the inner city of panhandlers and homeless people Faces of Hong Kong urban landscape
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...But much of this growth was borne on the backs of the
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2010 for the course GES ges1100s taught by Professor Profh during the Spring '10 term at CUHK.

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L12%20Urban%20renewal - Lecture outline GES1310...

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