L11-Beautiful%20City

L11-Beautiful%20City - Outline GES 1310 Comprehending the...

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GES 1310 Comprehending the City Beautiful cities and urban design (Intructor: Maggi Leung) Outline • Urban Planning and design • Aesthetics and the city • The “Garden City” Movement • The “City Beautiful” Movement Purpose of town planning in HK • “To promote the health, safety, convenience and general welfare of the community through they process of guiding and controlling the development and use of land, and to bring about a better organised, more efficient and more desirable place in which to live and work.” Mission of Planning Department • To make Hong Kong a better place to live and work in. • To promote, working in partnership with our community, sustainable development to achieve a vibrant economy,a quality environment and social progress both now and in the future. Mission of Planning Department Committed to : • formulating sustainable development strategies and plans • guiding the use and development of land • facilitating suitable development and redevelopment • encouraging community involvement and support Aesthetics and the city • “[A] common objective of urban policy is to improve the aesthetic quality of a city” (Urban Land Research Analysts Corporation , 1969).
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Development vs. quality? • Challenges of facilitating development while maintaining neighbourhood quality can become a difficult balance • Aesthetic quality often left out • “Beauty” is thought to be too subjective What is beautiful? What is beautiful? Components of beauty • continuity in line, • continuity in materials, • the scale of a new building, • percentage of green space, •… . Technology and aesthetics New construction technologies facilitated urban architecture • passenger elevator (1857) • fireproof steel frame • technology that allowed foundations to carry extremely heavy loads • iron (and later steel) internal skeleton The Garden City Movement • 1898, Sir Ebenezer Howard’s Garden Cities of Tomorrow • Aspiring a quality of life better than that possible in overcrowded and dirty industrial towns (result of the Industrial Revolution) • An ideal, self-contained community of predetermined area and population surrounded by a greenbelt • Intended to bring together the economic and cultural advantages of both city and country living with land ownership vested in the community, while at the same time discouraging metropolitan sprawl and industrial
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The Garden City Movement • Described his vision of an ideal township, an independent garden city in the country, for about 32000 people, consisting of rural housing estates, sufficient arable land, shopping facilities,
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2010 for the course GES ges1100s taught by Professor Profh during the Spring '10 term at CUHK.

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L11-Beautiful%20City - Outline GES 1310 Comprehending the...

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