L9%20Global%20City - GES1310 Comprehending the City Lecture...

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GES1310 Comprehending the City Lecture 9 World Cities, Global Cities Lecture outline ± World system theory ± Globalisation ± World cities (Friedmann) ± Global cities (Sassen) ± Inequality in the global city system ± Hong Kong: A global city ± Shanghai: A new comer? Hierarchy of cities ± By population size ± e.g. 8-10 mil = megacity; 1 mil = metropolis ± By administrative rank ± By functionality: ± core/periphery characteristics (Friedmann 1986) ± global, zonal, regional characteristics (Thrift 1989) ± global, multinational, national, and sub-national characteristics (Friedmann 1995) World System Theory ± Immanuel Wallerstein (1974) The Modern World System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World Economy in the Sixteenth Century ± The world system consists of a single division of labour within one world market ± Core (higher-skill, capital-intensive production) Peripheral (low-skill, labour-intensive production and extraction of raw materials) Semi-peripheral (less dependent on the core than peripheral ones; they have more diversified economies and stronger states) ± Analytical unit: nation-state (country)
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Globalisation ± The increasingly stretching of economic, cultural and financial relations around the world ± Economic globalisation: The trend toward increased integration of world markets for goods, services and capital ± Not a new phenomenon –slave trade started in the 1440s along the West African Coast ± Intensified rapidly in the last few decades – “new phase of globalisation” World cities Peter Hall (1966) The World Cities Centres of . .. ± Political power ± National and international trade, banking, insurance and related financial services ± Advanced professional activity of all kind (medicine, law, higher learning, science and technology) ± Information gathering and diffusion ± Conspicuous consumption ± Arts, culture and entertainment World cities Prof of urban planning, John Friedmann (1986) “The World City Hypothesis” ± Urban development: closely tied to changing organisation of the global economy. ± “New international division of labour” (NIDL) >> World urban system ± Cities are most influential as economic entities. ± Key cities throughout the world are used by global capital
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L9%20Global%20City - GES1310 Comprehending the City Lecture...

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