Contraception[1] - Contraception Contraceptions have been...

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Contraception Contraception’s have been used as a method of birth control for many years. In today’s society, there are many methods of contraception. Some of these methods include: oral contraceptives (the pill), diaphragm, spermicides, condoms, withdrawal, timing of ovulation, and abstinence (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Although there are advantages and disadvantages to all forms of contraceptives, determining which method of approach should be used depends of the diverse circumstances and each individual’s preferences. Regardless of which approach one takes, one should always consult a doctor prior to determining which method is best. Oral Contraceptives advantages. One of the major advantages of oral contraception’s (when used properly) is that oral contraception’s can be almost 100% effective (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Additionally, this method of birth control does not interfere with one’s sexual spontaneity or diminish one’s sexual sensation (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner- Rathus, 2005). Furthermore, birth-control pills can reduce the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, benign ovarian cysts, and fibrocystic breast growths. Moreover, the pill regulates menstrual cycles and reduces menstrual cramping and premenstrual discomfort (Rathus, disadvantages . Unfortunately, the pill does not provide protection against STI’s or reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics. The pill requires medical consultation which causes an incurrence of medical expenses (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Also, there are side effects and possible health risks to taking the pill (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus, 2005). An individual could incur hypertension, diabetes, migraine
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headaches, fibrocystic breast tissue, uterine fibroids, and elevated cholesterol levels (Rathus, Nevid, & Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Furthermore the estrogen in the combination pills could produce nausea and vomiting, fluid retention, weight gain, increased vaginal
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2010 for the course PSY/265 PSY/265 taught by Professor Axiacollege during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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Contraception[1] - Contraception Contraceptions have been...

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