10.26.09 - Monday, October 26, 2009 1) Excavation a) To...

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Monday, October 26, 2009 1) Excavation a) To think like an archaeologist, you must think 3D b) When you excavate, you destroy; archaeological resources are non-renewable c) Therefore, you need to take copious notes, make a lot of maps, and take many photographs 2) Where to Excavate? a) Could be based on: i) High concentration of artifacts on surface or in subsurface probes ii) Visible features iii) Remote sensing indicates stuff below iv) Land form v) Soils 3) Before Excavating a) Establish a datum point or horizontal grid system (like for surface collection) b) Establish a datum plane – an arbitrary horizontal plane across the surface of the site from which vertical distances can be measured i) Usually tied to sea level 4) Vertical Dimension Excavation a) Arbitrary levels i) Vertical units of equal size ii) Size decided by investigator (e.g. 5cm, 10cm, or 20cm arbitrary level) b) Natural stratigraphic layers i) Formed by environment or cultural deposits ii) More difficult, takes longer than arbitrary levels
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2010 for the course ANT 3 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at UC Davis.

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