11.20.09

11.20.09 - Friday, November 20, 2009 1) Pressure Flaking a)...

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Friday, November 20, 2009 1) Pressure Flaking a) Using a fabricator to removes flakes from the item being manufactured using compressive force b) Allows for finer control of the force being applied 2) Indirect Percussion a) Involves removing flakes by the use of a punch or a chisel (it is indirect because force in not directly applied to the object being flaked) 3) Terminology a) All the waste material that is produced during the manufacture of a stone tool is referred to as debitage b) Flakes – are pieces of chipped stone where the length is less than 2 times the width (short and wide) c) Blades – are flakes that have a length 2 times greater than the width (long and thin) d) Cores – a chunk of stone from which flakes are struck 4) Types of Flaked Stone Tools a) There are two general categories i) Expedient ii) Formed b) Expedient Tools i) Stone tools made with very little planning (expedient = fast) ii) The simplest expedient tool is a flake knocked off of core and used as is iii) Other forms involve retouching the edge of a flake to either strengthen or smooth out the
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11.20.09 - Friday, November 20, 2009 1) Pressure Flaking a)...

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