11.23.09

11.23.09 - Monday, November 23, 2009 1) Ceramics a)...

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Monday, November 23, 2009 1) Ceramics a) Production of ceramics requires the control of fire – pyrotechnology b) Traditionally associated with the beginning of agriculture (Neolithic – 3500 BP) c) First ceramics identified at Doni Vestonice in the Czech Republic, 26,000 BP i) Pellets of baked clay from clay fired figurines 2) Success of Early Pottery a) Didn’t catch on; no further evidence until the post glacial period (after 10,000 BP) b) Why? i) Ceramics are not practical for mobile hunter-gatherers ii) They are heavy and fragile 3) Importance a) Once ceramics appear in the archaeological record, they become an abundant artifact class b) Chemically inert and preserve well c) They are complex artifacts – both additive and altered i) Can be manufactured in multiple ways ii) Made of clay that can be sourced (can examine land use and trade) iii) Can be decorated (style/seriation) 4) Why Did Ceramics Appear? a) Reflects a technological change in how tools/implements were made; they persisted because they fulfilled a functional need better
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11.23.09 - Monday, November 23, 2009 1) Ceramics a)...

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