SOCL 2001

SOCL 2001 - TEST 1 What is Sociology? Sociology: The...

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TEST 1 What is Sociology?     Sociology: things happen in society. Study of the influence of social relationships on people’s attitudes,  behaviors, and outcomes Study of how societies are structured and change over time social science: o Study of human relationships and the social world Anthropology:   Study of the physical, social, and cultural  development of humans  Economics:   Study of markets (how goods and services are  distributed) Political Science:  Study of politics and government Psychology:   Study of mental processes   Natural Science:  The study of features of the natural environment Biology, geology, chemistry, physics… Theory: A general statement explaining how things work, how the pieces fit  together Explain  how   and  why Data is used to  support   or  refute Scientists build theories to provide explanatory storyline Sociological Theory: Statements that seek to explain how the social world works Sociologists use theories to frame studies and suggest relationships that  can then be tested Effective theories should explain and predict   Major Theoretical Perspectives:     The Functionalist Perspective Focuses on the macro-level
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Views society as a network of connected parts, each helping to maintain  the system as a whole Each part has a function Emphasizes how parts function to maintain social stability o Manifest Functions:  Open, recognized, purpose of an aspect of  society-known to and intended for o Latent Functions:   “Behind the scenes” functions-consequences of  that activity of which participants are unaware o Dysfunctions:   An element of society that that disrupts the stability of  the system The Conflict Perspective (AKA Marxism) Focuses on the macro-level Doesn’t look at what each function each individual plays Views society as best understood by understanding  conflict  between  groups o Conflict is not necessarily violent o Competing (conflicting) interests Focuses on how those with wealth and power maintain their privileged  position How those without wealth and power struggle to acquire it Interactionist Perspective Focuses on micro-level Views social  i nteraction  and  symbolic understandings  as central to  understanding social dynamics  o “Symbols” may include material objects, verbal and non-verbal  language… o Focuses on everyday forms of social interaction to understand the  social world The Sociological Imagination     Critical awareness of the linkages between personal experience, history, and 
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2010 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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SOCL 2001 - TEST 1 What is Sociology? Sociology: The...

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