5/25/10 2:54 PM
History of the Internet and Web
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The World Wide Web
Robert Cailliau, Jean Francois Abramatic and Tim Berners Lee at the 10th anniversary of the WWW Consortium.
What is it?
The World Wide Web, abbreviated as WWW and commonly known as The Web, is a
system of interlinked hypertext documents contained on the Internet. With a web browser,
one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and
navigate between them by using hyperlinks. Using concepts from earlier hypertext systems,
British engineer and computer scientist Sir Tim Berners Lee, now the Director of the World
Wide Web Consortium, wrote a proposal in March 1989 for what would eventually become
the World Wide Web. He was later joined by Belgian computer scientist Robert Cailliau
while both were working at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1990, they proposed using
..] to link and access information of various kinds as a web of nodes in which
the user can browse at will", and released that web in December.
"The World-Wide Web (WWW) was developed to be a pool of human knowledge, which
would allow collaborators in remote sites to share their ideas and all aspects of a common
project." If two projects are independently created, rather than have a central figure make the
changes, the two bodies of information could form into one cohesive piece of work.
1980 to 1991: Development of the World Wide Web
In 1980, the Englishman Tim Berners-Lee, an independent contractor at the European
Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Switzerland, built ENQUIRE, as a personal
database of people and software models, but also as a way to play with hypertext; each new
page of information in ENQUIRE had to be linked to an existing page.
In 1984 Berners-Lee returned to CERN, and considered its problems of information
presentation: physicists from around the world needed to share data, and with no common
machines and no common presentation software. He wrote a proposal in March 1989 for "a