Path to 9/11/2001 lecture outline 3/4/2010 The attacks of 9/11 occurred in the aftermath of the end of the Cold War and reflected the geopolitical importance of the Islamic Middle East in the post-Cold War era. 1) Soviet-Afghan War (1979-1989) and its consequences a) Afghanistan was the site of a proxy war between invading Soviet forces, which tried to prop up a Marxist government, and Islamic Mujahideen Resistance. b) The Afghan resistance, assisted by the United States and others, contributed to the Soviet Union (USSR)’s high military costs and strained international relations. c) Afghan Mujahideen were an influential source of today’s jihad movements. 2) 1989 Revolutions a) When Mikhail Gorbachev took power in the USSR, the economy was stagnating and the costs of the nuclear arms race and Afghan War were unbearably heavy. b) Gorbachev introduced glasnost (political openness) and perestroika (economic restructuring.) He encouraged Warsaw Pact countries to follow his example. c)
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2010 for the course HIST 20 taught by Professor Idon'tremember during the Spring '08 term at UC Riverside.