Decolonization and revolution lecture outline2/11/10Three types of nation building after 1945I.Negotiated independence (India, Philippines, West Africa)1)Where European powers did not have many colonists settling the land, independence occurred quickly and without great violence. 2)Independence struggles were more about mass politics (demonstrations, boycotts) and influencing international public opinion than they were about armed battles.3)Indian nationalist Mohandas K. Gandhi advocated non-violence against the British.4)The satyagraha movement urged the use of Indian instead of British products, the boycott of British educational institutions and law courts, and refusal to pay taxes.5)Satyagraha relied on three basic tenets: satya (truth, openness, and fairness); ahimsa (physical and mental non-violence); and tapasya (self-sacrifice.)6)The movement succeeded in persuading the British to grant independence in 1947, but not in preventing sectarian violence between Hindus and Muslims.
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.