Rubber and EmpireLecture outline, 1/7/10I.ImperialismII.Politics of empire: domestic and internationalIII.Empire and industryIV.Crimes against humanityImperialism: The forcible occupation of territories in order to further national economic and political aims. From 1875-1914, important “new imperialists” included Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, the United States and Japan.Politics of empire: domestic and internationalInternational politics of empire:1)Competition for resources and markets led to a kind of colonial arms race: occupying vast territories and building up especially naval power.2)Finite nature of land and resources meant that at some point, colonial powers would come into direct conflict over possession. This set the stage for WWI.Domestic politics of empire:1)New colonial products increased the standard of living for European populations, especially the working class.2)Raised feelings of nationalism which were crucial to creating cohesion in new forms of mass politics.
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