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Unformatted text preview: POLS015: Comparative Politics Problem Set I 1. Solve problems 3, 5 (only rst four statements), 7 (only the statement on the House Bill), and 9 in Chapter 2 of Clark, et. al. Solution: 3 a. This is an invalid argument. b. Denying the antecedent. 5 `Smoking' scienti c as the statement could be falsi ed by ob- serving that smoking has no (or negative) e ect on the probabil- ity of getting cancer `Square' not scienti c as a square is de ned as a shape with fours sides of equal length. Thus, it cannot be falsi ed. `The sun' scienti c as the statement could be falsi ed by ob- serving that the earth revolves around the sun (or the sun re- volves around some other planet). `Rain in England' scienti c as it could be falsi ed by observing a winter without rain. 7 a. No, if `mainstream' is de ned in terms of acceptability we have a tautology. b. Yes, it could be falsi ed by observing that some ideologically mainstream senators don't nd the bill unacceptable 9 Many possible answers. For example, a. Minimum e ort theory: The minimum e ort theory suggest that students will try to minimize e ort in general. Students might therefore be expected to use the closest entrance if there are multiple entrances and walk across lawns, etc. rather than use longer routes on pavement. They might also be expected to do the minimum necessary to get a passing grade (although it is possible that there might be a di erence between physical and mental e ort). `Coolness' theory: If the coolness theory is true, students may try to signal their coolness in di erent ways. If interest in class not considered cool, then students could try to signal their lack of interest by taking a nap, talking to other students, sur ng the internet, etc. b. Moving the lecture to a room where the entrance is on the side of the room. If the minimum e ort theory is true, students should be clustered around the entrance rather than back. The coolness theory would still predict that students would sit in the back.theory would still predict that students would sit in the back....
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2010 for the course POSC 15 taught by Professor Indrig during the Spring '10 term at UC Riverside.
- Spring '10
- Comparative Politics