Public_Health_Informatics_2010

Public_Health_Informatics_2010 - System Design for Public...

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Unformatted text preview: System Design for Public Health Informatics Wei-Nchih Lee, M.D., M.P.H. BMI 211 Professor Amar Das February 25, 2010 Overview • Public Health and Public Health Informatics • Challenges to System Design in PHI • Case Study Examples Cough Fever Headache Muscle Aches Cough Fever Headache Muscle Aches Infuenza Differential Diagnosis? Prognosis? Therapeutic Options? How many other people have the fu? Who will do well and who will not? Who is likely to get the fu? How can I prevent and control the spread oF fu? Are there other strains I need to know about? “...the science and art of protecting and improving the health of communities through education, promotion of healthy lifestyles, and research for disease and injury prevention .” http://www.whatispublichealth.org / What is Public Health? Medicine Public Health Individual Level Health Population Level Health Medicine Public Health Individual Level Health Population Level Health Diagnosis Risk Factors Medicine Public Health Individual Level Health Population Level Health Diagnosis Risk Factors Treatment Prevention Medicine Public Health Epidemiology Environmental Health Socio-medical Sciences Maternal and Family Health Health Policy Biostatistics “...the systematic application of information and computer science and technology to public health practice, research, and learning” O'Carroll P, Yasnoff WA, Ward ME, Ripp LH, Martin EL, eds. Public Health Informatics and Information Systems . NY, Springer; 2003:5. What is Public Health Informatics? Public Health Informatics Large Scale Analysis Decision Support Information Sharing Public Health Informatics Large Scale Analysis Decision Support Information Sharing Public Health Informatics Non-Standard Terminology Heterogeneous Data EfFcient Query and Search Decidable Reasoning ClassiFcation and Prediction Data Visualization Large Scale Analysis Decision Support Information Sharing Public Health Informatics Non-Standard Terminology Heterogeneous Data EfFcient Query and Search Decidable Reasoning ClassiFcation and Prediction Data Visualization Information Type Existing Standard Diseases ICD-9, SNOMED-CT, NCI Thesaurus ... Laboratory Values LOINC Drugs RxNORM Hospital Data HL-7 Health Outcomes and Quality of Care MeSH Terms Environmental Exposures SNOMED-CT, MeSH Case Studies • Outbreak detection and surveillance • Chronic disease management • OncoShare BioSTORM • Stanford University Project • PI - Mark Musen, M.D., Ph.D. • Bio logical S patio- T emporal O utbreak R easoning M odule The Public Health Need • BioTerrorism- Aleph and Sarin Nerve Gas attack 1995- Anthrax • Outbreak Detection- H1N1- SARS Surveillance Needs • Systematic Data Collection • Ongoing Data Analysis and Interpretation • Dissemination of Results for Action Information Flow in the Traditional Surveillance Model Case Report Case Definition Case Algorithm Outbreak Detection Algorithm Data Elements Data Acquisition Public Health Action Slide courtesy of David Buckeridge Information Flow in the Traditional...
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2010 for the course CS 271 taught by Professor Das during the Winter '10 term at Stanford.

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Public_Health_Informatics_2010 - System Design for Public...

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